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Extra info for The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ: 175 B.C. to A.D. 135, Volume 2 (New Revised English Edition)
The courting of this warfare relies on a cuneiform inscription, specifically in yr 38 of the Seleucid period accorcting to the Babylonian reckoning, i. e. 274/3 B . C , 273 B . C being the most 12 months of the struggle. See C. F. Lehmann-Haupt, ZA 6 (1891), pp. 234 ff. (text of the inscription), 7 (1892), pp. 226 ff. , specifically p. 232; U. K6hler, SAB 1895, p. 969; Lehmann-Haupt, Klio three (1903), pp. 496-512; Beloch, Gr. Gesch. , IV. 2, pp. 497 ff. See in particular W. Otto, Beitrage zur Seleukidengeschichte des three. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. , SAM 34. 1 (1928), pp. 1-42. eight. The courting of the period of Tyre from 274 B . C . turns into obvious from inscriptions, (a) based on one (at Oumm el-'Amed; see E . Renan, venture de Phinicie, pp. 7 1 1 - 2 five = zero 1 five I, no. 7 = G. A. Cooke, Text-book of North-Semitic Inscriptions (1903), no. nine = M. Dunand, R. Duru, Oumm el 'Amed (1962), p. 1 eight 1 , no. I = ok A I , no. 18), the period started 37 years later than the Seleucid period, which might provide 275 or 274 B . C . (b) at the different (found at Ma'§ub; see C. ClermontGanneau, RA five (1885), pp. 380-4 = Clermont-Ganneau, Recueil d'archeol. orientale I (1888), pp. 8i-6 = Cooke, North-Semitic Inscriptions, no. io = KAI no. 19), the twenty sixth 12 months of Ptolemy H I Euergetes, i. e. 222/221 B. C. , is equated with the 53rd 12 months of the period of Tyre, which might supply 274/3 B. C. because the place to begin. an analogous period can also be used on Ptolemaic cash minted in Tyre (thus M. J. P. Six, 'L'ere deTyr', NC 6 (1886), pp. 97-113). ok. J. Beloch (Arch. f. Papyrusforschung 2 (1903), p. 235, cf. Gr. Gesch. IV. 2, p. 328) conjectured that the root for the period lay within the abolition of the monarchy at Tyre through Ptolemy Philadelphus. LehmannHaupt, Klio three (1902-3), pp. 519 f. , objected that it is going to were imprudent in view of the approaching crusade to offend the town with such an enactment: it really is much more likely that Philadelphus restored self-government to town at that tirrie. The latter used to be definitely the most issue, however the abolition of the monarchy could were suitable with it. It used to be now not inevitably an offence opposed to the Tyrians; it will depend on whether or not they have been content material with their king, if this kind of individual nonetheless existed. §23- Political associations 89 meant, yet south of Orthosicis, among that urban and Tripohs. " Ptolemaic domination of Palestine lasted for fuUy a century. Admittedly, Antiochus I I I the good occupied the land from 2 1 nine - 1 7 B. C. , yet he w a s obhged to rehnquish it after his defeat at Raphia. After the dying of Ptolemy I V Philopator, he however invaded Palestine for a moment time cmd on the victory at Panias in two hundred B. C. the problem was once made up our minds completely in favour of the Seleucids. F r o m then on, Palestine and the total Phihstine-Phoenician coast belonged to the dominion of Syria. ^" The supremacy of the Ptolemies, hke that of the Seleucids, w a s mainly manifested in concerns: within the appointment of army governors [aTpaTqyoi) within the areas topic to them, and within the imposi tion of standard taxes. Josephus, in his tale of the tax-farmer Josephus and his son Hyrcanus, Ant.